December 8, 2021


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ACLU of Texas sues Houston-area school district over gender-based dress code’s long-hair policy

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The American Civil Liberties Union of Texas is suing a Houston-spot university district over a gown code coverage it claims has led to several learners being disciplined for getting extended hair.

Plaintiffs in the lawsuit include 6 boys and a nonbinary scholar ages 7-17 from Magnolia Unbiased University District. According to the lawsuit, which was filed in federal district courtroom Thursday morning, the Magnolia ISD gender-primarily based plan “imposed huge and irreparable harm” on the learners, some of whom assert they have worn extended hair for decades whilst attending university in the district without having any repercussions.

The lawsuit states the pupils have been threatened with or sent to in-college suspension for months at a time some were put in a “disciplinary different education and learning system,” leading 3 of them to unenroll from the university district. The match also states that while the plaintiffs have been disciplined for the size of their hair, other students with long hair, these kinds of as these on higher college football groups, have not faced willpower.


“To be kicked out, pushed out, of college solely simply just for the reason that of their gender and their hair is seriously unconscionable,” ACLU of Texas employees lawyer Brian Klosterboer stated.

Klosterboer explained the ACLU warned Magnolia ISD quite a few periods about how its gown code policy’s gender-particular necessities violate equal protection below the 14th Modification and Title IX, which prohibits discrimination in education establishments on the basis of sex.

In a assertion, Magnolia ISD disagreed with the ACLU’s claims and said it was reviewing “the lawsuit with its authorized counsel and seems to be ahead to the chance to respond to the Courtroom.”

“This procedure of differentiated gown and grooming benchmarks have been affirmed by courts and does not inhibit equal obtain to academic prospects beneath Title IX,” the district claimed. “The principles are provided in the scholar handbook each calendar year and are similar to the codes of close to fifty percent of the general public college districts in Texas.”


In a letter sent to the district in August, the ACLU of Texas stated it submitted a grievance in 2019 on behalf of a Magnolia ISD mother or father who mentioned her son was explained to to minimize his hair or he’d be sent to in-university suspension. The letter also cited experiences the ACLU of Texas acquired about pupils continuously getting threatened with disciplinary motion or being suspended for owning lengthy hair.

Danielle Miller, whose 11-12 months-aged kid is nonbinary and a plaintiff in the lawsuit in opposition to the district, said she received a cellphone simply call from her child’s school at the starting of this college yr and was instructed that her boy or girl would have to minimize their hair. The Texas Tribune does not disclose children’s names for privateness motives.

Miller reported her little one was “just in complete devastation and tears” when she informed them they would have to lower their hair.


Danielle Miller prepares her two children for university in their property in Magnolia on Thursday. A single of her youngsters is a plaintiff in an ACLU lawsuit versus the Magnolia Unbiased University District in excess of its plan on students’ hair length. Credit rating: Annie Mulligan for The Texas Tribune

“… Based mostly on [my child’s] response and how harsh and traumatized they ended up, I realized that we weren’t going to be slicing [their] hair,” Miller stated.

Miller’s kid was positioned in in-school suspension for nine days, she explained. The suspension was postponed for the duration of a 60-day window to attractiveness the final decision, which has almost run its program, Miller explained.

Miller claimed her little one has experienced long hair for a few of yrs and that their hair duration experienced under no circumstances been a issue ahead of.

“I have no plan what modified,” Miller said. “[The district is] not declaring everything, they’re not responding to anybody in the group about it.”


The district stated its administration and board of trustees have read from a compact team of mom and dad about issues above the gown code plan, and they “are at this time in the approach of contemplating mum or dad grievances on this subject matter matter.”

In accordance to Magnolia ISD’s 2021-22 student handbook, hair should “be no more time than the base of a costume shirt collar, bottom of the ear, and out of the eyes for male learners.” Hair also simply cannot “be pinned up in any fashion” or “worn in a ponytail or bun for male learners.”

However, the ACLU argues a lot of of the plaintiffs have worn long hair for several years whilst enrolled in Magnolia ISD and have not confronted any discipline until eventually this year. Klosterboer mentioned some school districts in Texas tend to depend on “old and out-of-date scenario law” as the basis for their costume code procedures.


An additional plaintiff, a 9-calendar year-previous Latino scholar identified in the lawsuit as A.C., wears lengthy hair that he retains in a ponytail and out of his encounter. His household was informed on the 1st day of school this calendar year that he would need to have to slice his hair or be despatched to in-faculty suspension, the lawsuit suggests. His mother claimed lots of men in A.C.’s loved ones wear prolonged hair, together with his father and uncle. A.C. did not lower his hair and was put in in-school suspension for five weeks, wherever he was divided from other college students and was not in a position to go to his standard classes.

In September, he was sent to a “disciplinary choice education and learning program” exterior of faculty for seven months, exactly where he confronted potentially harsher punishment. According to the lawsuit, learners who don’t comply with the college district’s hair length policy and are despatched to the substitute training plan might be needed to have a mother or father sit in course with them, go to prior to- or just after-college detention, or get rid of their desk, between other actions.


This thirty day period, A.C.’s family unenrolled him from the district. Even so, the go well with states his placement in an alternate schooling program has manufactured it challenging for him to enroll in one more district and he is now staying property-schooled.

“Magnolia ISD has harshly punished my son and pushed him out of university totally simply because he is a boy with extensive hair. … The district desires to halt harming our youngsters,” Azucena Laredo, A.C.’s mother, explained in a statement.

In 2020, a federal judge granted two Black students from a Houston-place faculty district short term relief following they were being told they would have to slice their hair, which they wore in dreadlocks, to abide by district dress code policy. The circumstance, which caught nationwide focus, also landed on the radar of Texas lawmakers, who introduced their own variation of the CROWN Act, laws that would prohibit hair discrimination based mostly on hair texture and protecting kinds that are usually involved with race. The legislation, Property Invoice 392, highly developed out of committee for the duration of the regular session but was not taken up on the Property flooring for a vote.


Exterior of Texas, federal courts have ruled in circumstances from Indiana and North Carolina that gender-certain dress codes could be joined to gender discrimination underneath federal regulation, according to the ACLU and the Texas Association of College Boards.

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